Our Domestic Rainwater Tanks - Modified Float Valve back to the main tank article
which was designed for keeping an animal drinking trough full.
The push-rod attached to the bell-crank slides down the centre of the black nozzle in the control valve body (among the bits left out below) activating the diaphragm valve.
Sorry, I didn't take a photo close-up of the diaphragm. However, it follows the standard design for such valves, as used commonly in washing machines, etc. The main spring is light to permit easy operation, but is not strong enough to close the diaphragm valve against the inlet water pressure. By allowing the water pressure itself to push on the diaphragm along with the spring, it is enough to keep it closed. A light force opens a port in the control nozzle and releases the water pressure holding the valve shut. The unbalanced water pressure from the inlet side then overcomes the spring and opens the valve. Essentially is an hydraulic amplifier.
Simply this; the inlet water pressure from the upper tanks is very low - as little as 100mm of water level difference when the upper tanks are almost empty. There just was not enough pressure to force the diaphragm up against the spring.
The valve now works well. Once the main tanks drop to 300mm below their full level, the valve opens and drains the upper tanks progressively. Once they are empty the main tank level drops as water is used up. I picked the 300mm level as the main tanks are so much larger than the upper ones. It may not be optimal, but a bit of experiment will help pick the final setting. My guess is that 600mm may work better, ie, at about 2400 litres free space in the main tanks, the upper tanks will be empty, ready to receive fresh rainfall, as are the main (lower) tanks). The valve is mounted at the bottom a vertical 90mm PVC pipe connected to the main tanks. The level at which it closes is adjusted by adjusting the length of the cord attached to a float made from a plastic bottle, in the upper part of the pipe. The top of the pipe is closed with a mosquito proof cap, as it needs to be open to atmospheric pressure, to permit the water level in the pipe to rise and fall with that of the main tanks.
This page http://tardus.net/rainTankFloatValve.html published: 21 December 2011